Data building blocks: The 4ps of marketing

What are the 4ps of marketing and how can we use them in modeling?

If you’ve been researching market mix modelling solutions, you’ve probably seen a lot of references to the 4ps of marketing. But why are they so important to market mix modelling and what do they tell us? 

The four Ps of marketing, namely product, price, place, and promotion, provide a framework for businesses to create and execute effective marketing strategies. In this article, we will explain what the four Ps of marketing are and how they can be measured.


Product refers to the tangible or intangible items or services that a business offers to its customers. This includes product design, features, quality, packaging, branding, and customer support. Measuring the product involves analyzing its quality, customer satisfaction, and profitability.

For example, a smartphone manufacturer can measure the quality of its product by evaluating its durability, performance, and user-friendliness. They can also measure customer satisfaction by conducting surveys or collecting feedback from customer support channels. Profitability can be measured by analyzing the sales revenue, production costs, and profit margin of the product.


Price refers to the amount of money that customers pay for a product or service. Measuring price involves analyzing the pricing strategy, price elasticity, and the impact of price on sales and revenue.

For example, a clothing retailer can measure the effectiveness of its pricing strategy by comparing its prices with those of competitors and analyzing the impact of price changes on sales and revenue. They can also measure price elasticity by analyzing how changes in price affect demand for their products.


Place refers to the distribution channels and methods that businesses use to deliver their products or services to customers. This includes physical stores, online platforms, and other distribution channels. Measuring place involves analyzing the accessibility, convenience, and effectiveness of distribution channels.

For example, a food delivery company can measure the effectiveness of its placement strategy by analyzing customer feedback on the convenience of its delivery options and the accessibility of its online platform. They can also measure the effectiveness of their distribution channels by analyzing the delivery time and cost of their services.


Promotion refers to the marketing activities that businesses use to promote their products or services to customers. This includes advertising, public relations, sales promotions, and personal selling. Measuring promotion involves analyzing the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, the reach and engagement of promotional activities, and their impact on sales and revenue.

For example, a beverage company can measure the effectiveness of its promotional activities by analyzing customer engagement with its social media campaigns, the reach of its advertising campaigns, and the impact of sales promotions on sales and revenue.

The 4ps of marketing provide a framework for businesses to create and execute effective marketing strategies. Measuring the four Ps involves analyzing various aspects of a business’s products, pricing, distribution channels, and promotional activities. By measuring the four Ps, businesses can identify areas for improvement, optimize their marketing strategies, and increase their revenue and profitability.This is also known as Market Mix Modeling and is at the core of how GrowthOS helps our customers to grow their business. 

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